Human-AI Collaboration to Identify Literature for Evidence Synthesis

Resource type
Journal Article
Human-AI Collaboration to Identify Literature for Evidence Synthesis
Systematic approaches to evidence synthesis can improve the rigour, transparency, and replicability of a traditional literature review. However, these systematic approaches are time and resource intensive. We evaluate the ability of OpenAI’s ChatGPT to undertake two initial stages of evidence syntheses (searching peer-reviewed literature and screening for relevance) and develop a novel collaborative framework to leverage the best of both human and AI intelligence. Using a scoping review of community-based sheries management as a case study, we nd that with substantial prompting, the AI can provide critical insight into the construction and content of a search string. Thereafter, we evaluate ve strategies for synthesising AI output to screen articles based on prede ned inclusion criteria. We nd low omission rates (< 1%) of relevant literature by the AI are achievable, which is comparable to that of human screeners. These ndings show that generalised AI tools can assist reviewers with evidence synthesis to accelerate the implementation and improve the reliability of a review.
28/11/2023, 12:41
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Google Scholar
Spillias, S., Tuohy, P., Andreotta, M., Annand-Jones, R., Boschetti, F., Cvitanovic, C., Duggan, J., Fulton, E., Karcher, D., & Paris, C. (2023). Human-AI Collaboration to Identify Literature for Evidence Synthesis.