The Challenge of Education and Learning in the Developing World

Resource type
Journal Article
Authors/contributors
Title
The Challenge of Education and Learning in the Developing World
Abstract
<p>Across many different contexts, randomized evaluations find that school participation is sensitive to costs: Reducing out-of-pocket costs, merit scholarships, and conditional cash transfers all increase schooling. Addressing child health and providing information on how earnings rise with education can increase schooling even more cost-effectively. However, among those in school, test scores are remarkably low and unresponsive to more-of-the-same inputs, such as hiring additional teachers, buying more textbooks, or providing flexible grants. In contrast, pedagogical reforms that match teaching to students’ learning levels are highly cost effective at increasing learning, as are reforms that improve accountability and incentives, such as local hiring of teachers on short-term contracts. Technology could potentially improve pedagogy and accountability. Improving pre- and postprimary education are major future challenges.</p>
Publication
Science
Volume
340
Issue
6130
Pages
297-300
Date
2013/04/19
Language
en
ISSN
0036-8075, 1095-9203
Accessed
13/07/2021, 17:43
Library Catalog
Rights
Copyright © 2013, American Association for the Advancement of Science
Extra
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science Section: Review PMID: 23599477
Citation
Kremer, M., Brannen, C., & Glennerster, R. (2013). The Challenge of Education and Learning in the Developing World. Science, 340(6130), 297–300. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1235350