A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies

Resource type
Journal Article
Authors/contributors
Title
A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies
Abstract
Background and objectives: The expansion of evidence-based practice across sectors has lead to an increasing variety of review types. However, the diversity of terminology used means that the full potential of these review types may be lost amongst a confusion of indistinct and misapplied terms. The objective of this study is to provide descriptive insight into the most common types of reviews, with illustrative examples from health and health information domains. Methods: Following scoping searches, an examination was made of the vocabulary associated with the literature of review and synthesis (literary warrant). A simple analytical framework—Search, AppraisaL, Synthesis and Analysis (SALSA)—was used to examine the main review types. Results: Fourteen review types and associated methodologies were analysed against the SALSA framework, illustrating the inputs and processes of each review type. A description of the key characteristics is given, together with perceived strengths and weaknesses. A limited number of review types are currently utilized within the health information domain. Conclusions: Few review types possess prescribed and explicit methodologies and many fall short of being mutually exclusive. Notwithstanding such limitations, this typology provides a valuable reference point for those commissioning, conducting, supporting or interpreting reviews, both within health information and the wider health care domain.
Publication
Health Information & Libraries Journal
Volume
26
Issue
2
Pages
91-108
Date
2009
Language
en
ISSN
1471-1842
Short Title
A typology of reviews
Accessed
15/06/2020, 10:30
Library Catalog
Wiley Online Library
Rights
© 2009 The authors. Journal compilation © 2009 Health Libraries Group
Citation
Grant, M. J., & Booth, A. (2009). A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 26(2), 91–108. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-1842.2009.00848.x